Logos is the Greek meaning for “the Word.”
John 1: 1-5
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
The same was in the beginning with God.
All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made.
In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position in place, time or state
beginning (arche – pronounced ar-khay)
a commencement; chief, in various applications of order, time, place or rank
Word (logos – pronounced log-os)
something said ( including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning or motive
a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward
All things (pas)
all, any, every, the whole
made (ginomai – pronounced ghin-om-ahee)
to cause to be “generate” or to become
light (phos – pronounced foce)
to shine or make manifest, especially by rays
darkness (skotia – pronounced skot-ee-ah)
comprehended (katalambano – pronounced kat-al-am-ban-o)
1. A “word” is that by which we communicate our will; by which we convey our thoughts; or by which we issue commands; the medium of communication with others.
2. The Son of God may be called “the Word,” because he is the medium by which God promulgates His will and issues His commandments.
John took much pains to state clearly what is the true doctrine respecting the Logos, or Word as there were other heathen religions that had use of the name at the time of his writing. Because of this, it was very important for John to settle the truth in regard to the rank of the true meaning of the word, and he did it in such a way that there was no doubt about its true meaning.
“Was with God” denotes friendship or intimacy. John affirms that Christ was “with God” in the beginning – that is, before the world was made. It implies, therefore, that he was partaker of the divine glory; that he was blessed and happy with God. It proves that he was intimately united with the Father, so as to partake of his glory and to be appropriately called by the name God.
When Jesus Christ came to earth to live as a fleshly man, He became the teacher and instructor for mankind; He also became the medium of communication between God and man. (Barnes Notes)